Primary tabs

Over the last year, the Fourscore Advisory Board has played an integral role in the development of this project. Meeting monthly, the Advisory Board is composed of thirteen education professionals, including leading consultants, master teachers, curriculum developers and standards writers. They have contributed their extensive and diverse expertise to ensure that Fourscore becomes a useful, exciting and engaging resource for social studies and ELA teachers.

Theresa Bennett
Theresa Bennett works for the Delaware Department of Education (DDOE) as the ELA Education Associate. Theresa’s primary role at DDOE is to support districts with the transition to the Common Core. Theresa recently participated in a review of the C3 Framework and works closely with her content counterparts on the Common Core Literacy Standards and the Shifts associated with classroom instruction. Theresa is an adjunct for Wilmington University where she teaches for the Masters of Reading and Masters of Education programs.

Ms. Bennett has worked in the education field in Delaware since 1992, and as an advocate of literacy and volunteerism, she has held many positions on the DSRA board, including president. She has chaired and presented for teachers and parents at many DSRA events, including Young Author’s Conferences, leadership retreats and the Fall Conference.

Recently, Ms. Bennett was awarded the Jean Martin Award from the Diamond State Reading Association for her outstanding dedication to promoting literacy in Delaware.

Lyn Cannaday, M.Ed.

Lyn Cannaday has been a teacher at Greenway High School in Phoenix, Arizona, for sixteen years. In addition to teaching English and Honors English, Ms. Cannaday coordinates and instructs PSAT/SAT/ACT Prep classes and sponsors the Greenway Writing Club and the school newspaper. She serves in several roles related to the implementation of the Common Core, including as a Curriculum Writer and a Fellow for Student Achievement Partners and as a Scholastic Curriculum Writer.

The State of Arizona certified her as a Highly Qualified Teacher in History, and she has received National Board Certification in English Language Arts. She has been recognized by the National Society of High School Scholars and by Pi Gamma Mu, and has been listed several times in the Who’s Who of American High School Teachers.

Ms. Cannaday earned her M.Ed. in educational administration and supervision and her B.A. in education, secondary English, from Arizona State University. She recently received her M.A. in intelligence studies, with an emphasis on counterterrorism, from the American Military University.

Ed Dorgan

Ed Dorgan is the K-12 Social Studies Coordinator for Regional School District #10 [RSD10] in Burlington, Connecticut. He has taught a wide number of history and social studies courses at the secondary level and is the History Day adviser for RSD10. Previously, he served as a Developer of Online History Curriculum for Education Connection and as a secondary educational advisor for the Connecticut State Department of Education, where he assisted in the revision of the Connecticut State K-12 Social Studies Framework.

Mr. Dorgan has attended several NEH conferences, and he recently participated in a conference on teaching about Jim Crow and the Fight for American Citizenship, which was sponsored by the Gilder Lehman Institute of American History. He has also presented at past conferences, including the CCSS Fall Conference and the North East Regional Conference for the Social Studies, and he led a workshop entitled “Thinking Like a Historian” to RSD10 social studies instructors in 2011 and 2010. Mr. Dorgan is currently the president of the New England History Teachers Association, a board member of both the National Social Studies Supervisors Association and the Connecticut Council for the Social Studies and a member of the National Council for the Social Studies. Previously, Mr. Dorgan served as the president of the Connecticut Council for the Social Studies (CCSS).

He has an Advanced [6th year] Degree in education from the University of Connecticut and received recognition from Primary Source in Watertown, Massachusetts, for a lesson created using the National Endowment for the Humanities Picturing America images.

Robin Hall, D.A.H.

Robin Hall, D.A.H., is the Director of Language Arts and Literacy for the Council of the Great City Schools. Dr. Hall keeps members informed about research on systems and successful strategies for improving student achievement. She also provides support for development and dissemination of information and tools to implement the Common Core State Standards.

Previously, Dr. Hall served in various capacities for Atlanta Public Schools, including Executive Director of K-8 schools, Principal, K-12 Language Arts Coordinator, Instructional Liaison Specialist, Language Arts Department Chairperson and high school language arts teacher constituting over twenty-five years of educational experience. Dr. Hall has also served on the Council of Great City Schools support teams in the areas of curriculum, instruction, and professional development. In 2006, Dr. Hall was nominated to the National Assessment Governing Board by Secretary Margaret Spellings. Among the board responsibilities are selecting the content of the NAEP test, selecting the subjects to be tested, identifying learning objectives for each grade tested, identifying appropriate achievement goals and ensuring that all items selected for use in the assessment are free from racial, cultural, gender and regional biases.

Dr. Hall earned her D.A.H. and M.A. from Clark Atlanta University and her B.A. in English from Vassar College.

David Hicks, Ph.D.

David Hicks, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the School of Education at Virginia Tech, where he specializes in History and Social Science Education. Dr. Hicks’s research interests include examining the nature and purpose of the teaching of history in a standards based setting; the integration of multi-media and digital technologies to support the teaching and learning of history and social science; citizenship education; and disability studies and parental advocacy.

To date he has authored or coauthored more than 50 journal articles, book chapters and conference proceedings. His publications also include a co-edited book with E. Thomas Ewing entitled Education and the Great Depression: Lessons from a Global History. He has served as PI or co-PI on a number of grants including FIPSE, NEH, VFH, Teaching American History Grants and Library of Congress Teaching with Primary Sources Grants.

Dr. Hicks has also served as co-editor of the social studies current issues section of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (SITE) online journal, Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education and was Chair and on the executive board of the College and University Faculty Assembly of the National Council of the Social Studies. Dr. Hicks has received numerous awards and honors in recognition of his exemplary professional contributions, including, most recently, the College of Liberal Arts and Human Science Land Grant Scholar Award with his colleague Tom Ewing.

Dr. Hicks earned a Ph.D. in curriculum and instruction from Virginia Tech and an M.A. in history from the State University of New York College. He received his B.A. in social history from Lancaster University in the United Kingdom.

Prof. John Lee, Ph.D.

John Lee, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Social Studies and Middle Grades Education in the Department of Curriculum and Instruction at North Carolina State University. His scholarly work focuses on the uses of digital historical resources in teaching and learning and efforts to theorize and develop tools related to new literacies. Currently, he is researching the best design practices for online collections of historical resources targeted for K-12 classrooms. He is co-director of the New Literacies Collaborative (, and he develops innovative digital historical resources through the Digital History and Pedagogy Project ( Dr. Lee is the author of the book Visualizing Elementary Social Studies Methods and co-author of Research on Technology in Social Studies and Guiding Learning with Technology. He is a consultant for the Social Studies Assessment, Curriculum and Assessment Collaborative (SSACI) of the Chief Council of State School Officers (CCSSO) and an author of the forthcoming College, Career, and Civic Life: Framework for State Standards in Social Studies. Dr. Lee is also currently the co-Chair of the Teacher Education Council of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education. He is involved in educational standards development, and is a member of the writing team for the College, Career, and Civic Life: Framework for Social Studies State Standards.

In the past, Dr. Lee served as both an Associate and an Assistant Professor at Georgia State University in the College of Education, and he taught middle and high school social studies for nine years. He was the co-editor of the Social Studies section of Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, and was the Chair of the Executive Board for the College and University Faculty Assembly of the National Council for the Social Studies.

Dr. Lee earned his Ph.D. in social studies education from the University of Virginia, his Ed.S. and his M.Ed. from Georgia State University and his B.A. in history from the University of Georgia.

Prof. Francis O’Malley, Ed.D.

Francis O’Malley, Ed.D., is the Director of the Delaware Social Studies Education Project (DSSEP) and a Curriculum Specialist with the Democracy Project. Dr. O’Malley possesses over twenty years of experience as a teacher, department chair and coordinator for social studies programs in secondary schools.His research and professional interests include civic education, social studies education, professional development for teachers, teacher preparation and K-12 education. Previously, he served as the Chairperson of the Social Studies Assessment Committee for the Delaware State Testing Program, as an adjunct professor at Wilmington College and as the Social Studies Department Chair at Padua Academy.

A James Madison Fellow, Dr. O’Malley has received several awards and recognitions, including the Delaware State Teacher of the Year Award, the We the People/Lewis Huffman Civics Education Award for the State of Delaware, and, most recently, the Award of Honor from the Middle States Council for the Social Studies. He is the author of many publications on teacher training and teaching Social Studies curriculum, and also currently serves as the Project Director on two Teaching American History grants and as the Executive Secretary of the Social Studies Coalition of Delaware.

Dr. O’Malley earned his Ed.D. in educational leadership from the University of Delaware, where he had previously received his Master of Instruction in constitutional studies, and he earned his B.S. in secondary social studies education from St. Joseph’s University.

Angela Orr, M.S., M.Ed.

Angela Orr, M.S., M.Ed., serves as the Project Director for the Northern Nevada Teaching American History grant, which provides rigorous, relevant and sustained professional development in history content and pedagogy to social studies teachers across Northern Nevada. In addition to serving as a Social Studies Program Coordinator for Washoe County School District, Ms. Orr is the Associate Director and past-President of the Northern Nevada Council for the Social Studies, wherein she helps to coordinate two major annual events for social studies teachers and is Contributing Editor for the newsletter, Sierra Social Studies. Ms. Orr is a mentor and trainer for “We the People” competitions and is a member of the Nevada Holocaust Education Task Force, the Law Related Education Consortium, and the George Washington Teaching Ambassador Committee. Recently, Ms. Orr became a Core Advocate with Student Achievement Partners, a non-profit organization founded by authors of the Common Core State Standards with the goal of designing action based evidence to improve student achievement. Because of Ms. Orr’s strong belief in collaboration and collegiality, she frequently presents on topics of social studies research and practice at local, state and national conferences, and her work has been published in The Social Studies and Social Studies Research & Practice. In addition, when time allows, she teaches Social Studies Methods and Multicultural Education at Sierra Nevada College and the University of Nevada, Reno.

Ms. Orr began her career in education teaching 7th grade social studies, and during her tenure in the classroom, she taught every grade level 7-12. Her courses included U.S. History, Civics, We the People, Law & Society, Current Events, Student Council and Leadership, and Media Literacy. As a teacher, Ms. Orr also helped lead many committees including accreditation, professional development and Advanced Placement. Ms. Orr earned a M.S. in educational specialties – civic literacy, as well as a M.Ed. in educational administration.

Seth Pollitt, M.A. Ed.

Seth Pollitt is the Social Studies Department Chair and is on the Instructional Leadership Team at Iroquois High School in Louisville, Kentucky. He possesses eight years of experience teaching high school students in U.S History and World Civilization. Previously, he served as an Interim Assistant Principal at the school, and was an adjunct professor at Bellarmine University. His professional interests and expertise include the role of literacy and the Common Core. Outside of teaching, he has presented his research on using complex texts to increase fluency and comprehension at several national conferences, including the 2013 International Reading Association Conference.

Mr. Pollitt earned his M.A. Ed. in instructional leadership and school administration from Bellarmine University and his M.A. in secondary education and B.A. in history and political science from the University of Louisville. Currently, he is pursuing his Ph.D. in education and social change with a focus on literacy at Bellarmine University.

Joe Rivers, M.B.A.

Joe Rivers has been a teacher and administrator in Vermont Public Schools (grades 7-12) for more than thirty years. He currently serves a social studies teacher at Brattleboro Area Middle School and the coach of the varsity boys basketball team at Brattleboro Union High School in Brattleboro, Vermont. In addition to being on the faculty of the Vermont Middle Grades Collaborative Institute, Mr. Rivers is a member of the Vermont Association of Middle Level Education Executive Board and the Vermont Basketball Coaches Association Executive Board. He also possesses experience in the Common Core, and he is a presenter for grades 6-12 at the Agency of Vermont Common Core Social Studies Professional Development and a presenter for Technology and the Common Core at the Dynamic Landscapes 2.0 Conference.

Mr. Rivers earned his M.A. in administration from Castleton State College and his B.A. in history and education from Saint Michael’s College.

Prof. Kathy Swan, Ph.D.

Kathy Swan, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Social Studies Education in the Department of Curriculum and Instruction at the University of Kentucky. Dr. Swan also serves as the Project Director and Lead Writer of the C3 Framework Leadership Team and as an advisor for the Social Studies Assessment, Curriculum and Assessment Collaborative (SSACI) for the Chief Council of State School Officers (CCSSO).

A former social studies teacher, Dr. Swan researches ways of effectively integrating technology into the K-12 social studies classroom. Dr. Swan is the recipient of the National Technology Leadership Award in Social Studies Education, co-sponsored by the College and University Faculty Assembly (CUFA) and the Society of Technology and Teacher Education (SITE), in 2005, 2007, 2008 and 2009, and she was recognized as one of the University of Kentucky’s “Teachers Who Have Made A Difference” for three straight years. Her research has appeared in the International Journal of Social Education, Social Education and The Social Studies and Journal of Research on Technology in Education, and she is the co-creator of the Historical Scene Investigation Project, the Digital Directors Guild, Digital Docs in a Box and Econocast. Dr. Swan is also the co-editor of the Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education -- Social Studiesand has served as a consultant on several Teaching American History grants.

Dr. Swan earned her Ph.D. in social studies education from the University of Virginia, her M.A. in teaching from Johns Hopkins Universityand her B.S. from Mount St. Mary’s College, and she spent seven years as a social studies teacher in the U.S. and in South Korea.

Aleta Thompson, M.A.

serves on the ELA Curriculum Cadre for grades K-12 in the Cape Henlopen School District in Delaware and is the Director of the 21CCLC After School Program, “Learning Through the Arts.” She was a high school English teacher for nearly 30 years in Delaware schools, and has also taught courses at the University of Delaware, including “Reading in the Content Area” and “Cultural Diversity, Schooling, and the Teacher.” Ms. Thompson leads curriculum development workshops for teachers and text-based writing preparation for district staff, and she coordinates and facilitates several reading, writing, and ELA programs in her district.

Ms. Thompson has served on multiple committees for the Delaware Department of Education, including the Delaware Recommended Curriculum ELA Committee, the DSTP test development committee, and the Regulation 502 curriculum evaluation committee for ELA for K-12. She has been recognized as the Secondary Teacher of the Year by the Delaware Association of Teachers of English, and she has received awards for her work advising a student publication, including first place from the Delaware Press Association and the Distinguished Adviser award from the Temple University Press Association.

Ms. Thompson earned both her M.A. and her B.A. in English from the University of Delaware.

Robert Wilburn, Ph.D.

Robert Wilburn, Ph.D., has served as chief executive officer in five very different environments over the past 30 years. Prior to joining Carnegie Mellon in 2009, Dr. Wilburn served as president and CEO of the Gettysburg Foundation for nine years, and he led the nonprofit in forging a public-private partnership with the National Park Service to secure $120 million to open the new Gettysburg Museum and Visitor Center. The success of this partnership has become a model within the government and nonprofit communities. Prior to 2000, Dr. Wilburn was president and CEO of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Through innovative and interactive on-site programming and an award-winning marketing campaign, he helped to double donor support and enable a successful $500 million campaign.

As president and CEO of the Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh from 1984 to 1992, Dr. Wilburn helped to facilitate the merger of the Buhl Science Center with the Carnegie Institute, leading to the construction of a new $40 million Carnegie Science Center along the banks of the Allegheny River. During this time, he also spearheaded the founding of the Andy Warhol Museum. In recognition of these accomplishments, he was selected as Pittsburgh’s “Man of the Year” in 1991 by Vectors Pittsburgh, a community service organization that works to improve the quality of life in Pittsburgh by promoting leadership among community members.

Previously, Dr. Wilburn was a cabinet member for six years for Pennsylvania Governor Dick Thornburgh. He led the Office of Budget and Administration and later served as Secretary of Education, shepherding the implementation of the newly legislated State System of Higher Education. Dr. Wilburn is a former president of Indiana University of Pennsylvania, has held several positions at Chase Manhattan Bank, and has worked in the Defense Department and the White House on policy development, most notably the legislation creating the all-volunteer armed forces.

Dr. Wilburn earned an M.A. and a Ph.D. in economics and public affairs at Princeton University and a B.A. in economics and engineering at the U.S. Air Force Academy.